If you have a toothache or an unpleasant sensation now and then while having cold or hot drinks or eating sweet or bitter foods, you may have sensitive teeth. Teeth sensitivity pain is not constant. It comes and goes away over time. Enamel or gum tissue abrasion, and even tooth root exposure due to receding gums, are the main causes of dental sensitivity. Minor and occasional pain can be a symptom of initial and treatable problems. However, if left untreated, it can have severe consequences.
It is important to tell your dentist about these symptoms in order to find the cause and appropriate treatment.
Ignoring teeth sensitivity can result in other oral health problems.
A significant percentage of dental problems are due to the avoidance of cleaning sensitive and sore areas during daily oral hygiene.
Dental Sensitivity Causes
In healthy teeth, the gums and teeth enamel protect the porous tissue known as dentine. When this protection is lost, microscopic holes on the dentine enable heat, cold, and other irritant agents to reach the tooth nerve, causing pain. Dentine can be exposed due to:
- Cracked or fractured teeth
- Receding gums caused by incorrect brushing
- Gum diseases
- Teeth Grinding
According to the diagnosis, your dentist may recommend a soft toothbrush, special toothpaste, and mouthwash or gel with fluoride appropriate to sensitive teeth.
Reviewed by VitaCentre Dental Clinic Staff and Dra. Filomena Santos on May 20, 2021.
- Ovrebo RC, Raadal M. Microleakage in fissures sealed with resin or glass ionomer cement. Scand J Dent Res 1990; 98: : 66-9.